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Schools in China Hire English Teachers with Criminal Background

HiTouch 26 September 2018

Education experts have voiced concern over the number of unqualified foreign English teachers hired overseas because of their "token white face",


"They are coming in thinking I'm going to … make some money and get out of here," she said.


"They get very exhausted, they get very stressed, they start to hate [teaching if] they're doing it only for the money."


And the lasting negative impact it could have on students...



Image: edumaxi.com


A recent report by state-owned Xinhua news agency said two-thirds of the 400,000 foreigners teaching in China in 2017 were unqualified, with some also working on incorrect visas.


Lynette Kim, director at TESOL Australia, said that foreigners becoming teachers without formal training could have a lasting negative impact on both students and the teachers themselves.


She said it could affect students' pronunciation, vocal expressions, their ability to learn how to form sentences, and even their interest in continuing to learn English.


Former Gold Coast resident Jake Sharp was 27 when he decided to move to Vietnam because he, like many other young Australians, enjoyed the adventure of living in a new country.



Image: ABC | Jake Sharp moved to Vietnam because he enjoyed the adventure of living in a new country. (Supplied: Jake Sharp)


Mr Sharp, now an accredited English teacher, said teachers in Vietnam earned a good wage and many Australians decided to stay for the long-term because living costs were much cheaper.


However, many English language centres in Vietnam hired native English-speakers without qualification — as long as they looked the part, he said.


Schools 'would rather pay fine' than hire local teachers


Ms Kim, as well as several other teachers the ABC spoke to, said that many schools overseas hired foreigners for their "token white face".


"People think unless you have that western person [teaching in the school] you're really not going to get that culture right, and to some degree that's true," she said.


French-British national Nathaniel Kempster arrived in China on a student visa in 2006.



Image: ABC | Nathaniel Kempster works as a private tutor after being told he could no longer teach in a kindergarten.


He said he was approached to teach in a kindergarten on his second day and did not have a valid working visa. "You don't even have to be a native [speaker] to get good pay, you just have to have a 'white face' — that's the most important — that's the first criteria," he said.


He taught on weekends for six months before officials questioned his credentials.


"One Saturday morning I was teaching. All of a sudden, about ten different agents walked in, all with cameras filming us," Mr Kempster said.


"Kids were absolutely terrified, and no one understood what was happening. And I spent the night in the police centre."


But Mr Kempster said schools with foreign teachers made a lot of money, so his employer would prefer to pay a fine than hire local teachers.


“The school knows that they are going to make an enormous amount of money from that teacher, so paying a fine is a very small thing compared to the amount of money they will make over time," he said.


"In China, being western is viewed as being superior," Mr Kempster said.


"Also, the fact that you're western, [people think] you are obviously super good at English, even though some people aren't."



 Image: Daniel Hiers was teaching in China before his criminal past was reportedly discovered by a student. (US Marshals)


The absence of vetting procedures has not only led to untrained teachers, but criminal backgrounds have also gone undetected.


Mr Sharp said in Vietnam, foreigners were often hired without background checks.


"The English centres are often not regulated — people are working with children without having to show a police check," he said.


In Shanghai, one student found her college English teacher, Daniel William Hiers, on a US list of the 15 most wanted criminals, according to Chinese state media CGTN and the Global Times.


The man had been profiled on America's most wanted list since March 2005 for murder and criminal sexual conduct.


Some people teach just 'to stay afloat' financially overseas



Image: ABC| Unqualified foreign teachers are being hired overseas due to "white skin", some in the industry say. (Flickr: Jeremy Wilson)

Indonesian law requires English teachers to have a masters degree and a minimum of five years teaching experience to teach in an international school.


But teachers who meet these requirements are becoming increasingly difficult to find as the demand to learn English increases.


Some schools have chosen to work around these requirements.


Yusuf Muhyidin, director of tutoring from the Ministry of Education in Indonesia, said unqualified teachers could sometimes slip through the cracks.


"Many language courses employ native speakers, but some don't want to undergo the correct procedures or obtain a permit from the Ministry," he said


"This is often due to the time to process and the cost factor."

However, he said it was not the Ministry's issue to resolve.


"It's actually the police's job to file a lawsuit against those kind of workers," he said.


"While some are actual teachers back home, I've come across some people who are basically passing through and it's just something for them to stay afloat," she said.



Image: Anja Filla-Dwehus (left) says Chinese parents want their children to be able to pronounce words "like a foreigner". (Supplied: Anja Filla-Dwehus)

There are conflicting reports on regulations around foreign teachers.


A Xinhua article published in July said it took at least four months to hire a foreign teacher by following the correct legal process.


Foreign teachers also need a bachelor's degree, two years of relevant work experience or a teaching qualification to obtain a work permit, the report said.


But Zhang Fucheng, vice-president of Yanshan University, told Xinhua in a separate article last September that there were currently no laws and regulations for foreign teachers in China.


"Legislation should be completed as soon as possible to improve the standards and methods for the appointment of foreign teachers, and their legal status, rights and obligations," Mr Zhang said.



Image: ABC|  Lynette Kim (far left), director of TESOL Australia, says many schools want "the token white face". (Supplied: Lynette Kim)


English language skills seen as key to children's future

Learning English has been growing in importance in Asia over the last few decades.


International language company Education First (EF) revealed in their English Proficiency Index that Asia has the second highest non-native English speaking population, second only to Europe.


Ms Filla-Dwehus said Asian parents saw learning English as a key pathway to a successful career.


In China parents want their children to be fluent in English, she said, and be able to pronounce words "just like a foreigner".


China really has a great demand for English teacher, but not the unqualified ones, police are doing their job to catch illegal foreign workers. here is our previous report on this issue:  He Has No Clue How The Police Caught Him Working Illegally  If the consequences of illegal employment are serious, the foreign employee may be expelled and not allowed to enter China for one to five years, calculating from the date of the banishment.


Source: ABC